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Websites and internet infrastructure require high volumes of energy to function.  Many scientists believe that energy
used to power the internet is contributing significantly to the current "climate crisis".  Read below for more details.

The Problem

When you work on your website - or people visit your website - data must be transferred from the website’s server, across the internet infrastructure to your - or a visitor's - computer or mobile device.  Transferring data uses energy (electricity).  Creating this energy commonly involves burning fossil fuels - such as oil, coal, and gas - that release greenhouse gases, especially carbon dioxide (CO2).  The more energy use associated with your website - especially via visitors - the bigger your website's "carbon footprint".

The Internet accounts for about 10% of global electricity consumption.
If the Internet was a country, it would be the sixth largest consumer of electricity on the planet behind China, USA, India, Russia, and Japan.

The Facts

The daily use of the internet requires electricity and generates CO2-emissions.  A single German standard computer centre - hosting approximately 50,000 websites - has an annual electricity consumption of 5.5 million kWh. (source: Energy Efficiency in Data Centers, bitkom 2015).  The electricity required for this purpose is still largely derived from fossil fuels whose greenhouse gases released during combustion have a negative impact on the environment.

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Is there a solution?

Not all energy-related carbon emissions can be 'removed' or reduced.  Until carbon emissions can be removed or reduced - or adapted to provide a non-harmful effect - other approaches must be used to address this problem.  With academic and applied research from the University of Oxford, Carbon Neutral Websites has developed a proprietary algorithm to estimate a website's carbon footprint.   This carbon can then be offset - by 200% when using Carbon Neutral Websites - via accredited carbon reduction projects.

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The Future

With 51 per cent of the world’s population still lacking access to the internet, we are at a critical juncture where we must decide how the internet of the future is built.  Although current human energy needs rely on using a significant volume of fossil fuels, future solutions are likely to involve the development of existing and new renewable energy technologies.

Carbon projects

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a not-for-profit company limited by guarantee
registered in England & Wales, no. 13932976

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